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EXTRANS GLOBAL - What is Freight Forwarding ?


🔹What is a Freight Forwarder ?


Freight Forwarder is specialized in arranging and coordinating the shipment of goods from one place to another(Consignor Consignee)


Freight forwarders act as intermediaries between Shippers and Carriers. They handle various aspects of the shipping process, such as negotiating rates with carriers, arranging for the transportation of goods, and ensuring that the shipment complies with any relevant custom laws and regulation.


Freight forwarders may work with various modes of transportation, including trucks, ships, and planes, and may specialize in specific types of cargo, such as DG(Dangerous) cargo or perishable items etc.


In summary, freight forwarders are logistics experts who help businesses navigate the complex and often confusing world of shipping. Their goal is to make the shipping process as smooth and efficient as possible, while also minimizing costs and ensuring that the goods arrive at their destination on time and in good condition.



🔹Why do we need a Freight Forwarder ?


If you are struggling to navigate the intricacies of shipping by yourself to find the most efficient ways - Such as Shipping Method: By Air / Ocean / Truck / Train Shipping route: Transit or Direct etc. 


Consultation with freight forwarders, you can easily identify the most efficient network with competitive pricing.


A freight forwarder is a third-party logistics provider that arranges the transportation of goods on behalf of a shipper. Their primary role is to facilitate the movement of goods from one location to another by coordinating the various aspects of the transportation process.


Some specific roles and responsibilities of a freight forwarder are followed:


Documentation: Freight forwarders are responsible for preparing and processing the necessary documentation for the shipment of goods, including bills of lading both in Air and Sea, POD(Proof of Delivery), customs declarations, and insurance documentation(if necessary).


Booking space with carriers: Freight forwarders work with various carriers such as shipping lines, airlines, and trucking companies to secure space for their clients' goods. Also negotiate rates and select the best carrier based on the specific needs of the shipment.


Coordination: Freight forwarders coordinate the movement of goods from the point of origin to the final destination. They arrange for pickup and delivery, oversee the loading and unloading of cargo, and ensure that all necessary permits and licenses are in place.


Warehousing and distribution: Freight forwarders can also arrange for the storage and distribution of goods at the destination. If the customer needs palletizing, sorting, labeling etc freight forwarder can provide such service.


Customs clearance: Freight forwarders handle all customs clearance procedures, including the preparation of customs documentation and the payment of duties and taxes.


Cargo insurance: Freight forwarders can offer cargo insurance to protect their clients' shipments in the event of loss or damage when necessary.

Overall, the role of a freight forwarder is to ensure that goods are transported safely, efficiently, and cost-effectively from one location to another. They act as a single point of contact for all aspects of the transportation process, making it easier for shippers to manage their supply chain.



🔹What is the difference between Forwarder vs Carrier vs NVOCC


Carriers, freight forwarders, and NVOCCs are all important players in the logistics industry.

However, their specific duties and responsibilities vary depending on their expertise and the nature of the shipment.

Which is, freight forwarders arrange transportation and handle all aspects of the shipment process, carriers are responsible for physically transporting the goods, and NVOCCs specialize in ocean freight and act as carriers.


Details are follows: 

1. Freight forwarder:


Arranges transportation of goods on behalf of shippers.

Works with a network of carriers to find the most efficient and cost-effective transportation solutions for their clients. (Negotiate rates)

Handles documentation and ensures compliance with customs regulations.

Coordinates the movement of goods from the point of origin to the final destination.

May also provide additional services such as cargo insurance, warehousing, and distribution.


2. Carrier:


Physically transports goods from one location to another using various modes of transportation (e.g., shipping lines, airlines, trucking companies, rail operators).

Provides equipment and personnel necessary for loading and unloading cargo.

Ensures that goods are delivered to their destination safely and on time.

May also provide additional services such as customs clearance, documentation, and cargo insurance.


3. NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier):


Specializes in ocean freight and consolidates shipments from multiple shippers into full container loads (FCLs) or less-than-container loads (LCLs).

Does not own vessels, but charters space on shipping lines and operates as a carrier for the goods being transported.

Acts as a carrier and issues its own bills of lading.

May also provide additional services such as customs clearance, documentation, and cargo insurance.

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